Showing dogs



  ** A Guide for Owners Thinking of Showing **

Extracts taken from the North Australian Canine Association web site

(it has been modified to suit)


A Show is many things - they allow you to do something with your dog and have an enjoyable day

out among people with whom you have something in common, but who you may not otherwise

have met.

Shows are educational in that you should learn something about your own (and other) Breeds: is

your dog true to type, should it (or should it not) be bred? How would you know otherwise if you

should breed your delightful family member, and with what - the dog next door because it is close,

even though they do have the same faults?

Regardless of the result on the day, it is a relaxing and enjoyable day out.


A Championship Show

Breed Certificates are issued, one for each sex in each Breed at the Judge's discretion. Added to

include it can also be a show held by a breed club for that particular breed only.

A Specialty Show

one which is conducted by a Group Club for Breeds of dogs within a Group Best of Breed

Certificates are awarded to each sex in each Breed at the Judge's discretion.

Open Shows/Parades / Members Competitions and Fun Days

dogs in Ring procedure and aspiring conformation Judges. No Challenge Certificates are offered at

Open Shows or Parades.


A Challenge Certificate is awarded at the discretion of the Judge, one to each sex in each Breed

represented at the Show. A Best of Breed Certificate replacing the Challenge Certificate for the

Best of Breed winner. Certificates carry a varying number of points towards a title of "Australian

Champion" (100 points) or "Australian Grand Champion" (1,000 points).

The Challenge Certificate (CC) carries the words that: "I am clearly of the opinion that this exhibit is

of such outstanding merit as to be worthy to qualify for the title "Champion"'. These Certificates are

signed by the Judge.

The Judge does not personally allocate points; this is done by calculating the number of dogs

beaten by the CC or BOB winner on the day.

Any dog aged six (6) months or over which is unbeaten in its Class is eligible to compete for the



To become eligible to apply for the Title "AUSTRALIAN CHAMPION", a dog must have won not

less than 100 points.

To become eligible to apply for the Title "AUSTRALIAN GRAND CHAMPION", a dog must have

won not less than 1,000 points.

Points are calculated as follows:

Dog/Bitch Challenge 5 points + 1 for each in sex in Breed

Best of Breed 5 points + 1 for each dog and bitch judged in the Breed

Best in Group 5 points + 1 for each exhibit judged in the Group; and

Best in Show 5 points + 1 for each exhibit judged in the show.

No more than a maximum of 25 points can be awarded to any one Exhibit at any one Show.

Exhibits in the BABY PUPPY or NEUTER classes are not taken into account when calculating

points as they are not eligible to compete for the CC or BOB.


Where possible, the Judge selects a Reserve Challenge winner and this does have the chance to

become the Runner Up in Breed and possibly, Runner Up in Group and Runner Up in Show.

This Award carries no Challenge points nor any prize unless a prize is specifically mentioned on

the Schedule. It is an emergency award should the CC winner leave while judging is still in

progress or otherwise becomes ineligible to compete further.


Dogs come in various Breeds. These breeds are divided into seven different Groups for judging at


Group 1 - Toys

Group 2 - Terriers

Group 3 - Gundogs

Group 4 - Hounds

Group 5 - Working Dogs

Group 6 - Utility

Group 7 - Non Sporting

Within the Groups, Breeds are listed and judged alphabetically and dogs are always judged before

bitches unless specified in the schedule.

Starting with the youngest age Class, all dogs are judged. The first place winner in each Class is

then brought into the Ring and the Judge selects the CC winner. If there is a second place dog in

the class from which the CC winner came, it is then brought in to replace the winning dog. The

Judge then selects the Reserve winner. Bitches are then judged in the same manner, including

Challenge and Reserve.

The two CC winners (one dog and one bitch) are judged one against the other for the Best of

Breed Award. The winner is replaced by its Reserve and the Judge then selects the Runner Up to

Best of Breed.

Judging then goes on to the next Breed until all the Breeds within the Group have been judged.

All Best of Breed winners then enter the Ring and from these, the Judge selects the Best in Group

winner, which is replaced by its Reserve winner (if there is one) - and the Judge then selects a

Runner Up to Best in Group from the remaining dogs.

The Best in Group winner automatically wins each Class in which it was correctly entered. The

Runner Up in Group wins any class it was entered in, but not beaten by the Best in Group winner.

Judging then goes back to the youngest Class still to be judged and all Class winners from each

Breed are paraded for the Judge to select the winner of the Class in Group.

So it goes through all seven groups. Then all Group winners are required to compete for Best in

Show, Runner Up in Show and Classes in Show.


All Breeds have their own Standard against which they are judged. When comparing one Breed

against another, the Judge compares each dog to its Standard and then decides which dog is, in

their opinion, the closest representation of its standard.

It really doesn't matter then that you may be exhibiting the only specimen of the Breed - you will

still have to compete against other dogs to win a Group or Show Award. It is important to

understand the Breed Standard of your dog.


Remembering that the Awards are made at the sole discretion of the Judge and that, in their

opinion, the dog is worthy of the Title, you will realise that there are several reasons why the Award

may be withheld by the Judge.

Reasons may include: the dog in question was too young (and has to mature more); that it is out of

condition, out of coat, did not perform well on the day, or even because the Judge was unable to

examine the dog (either its mouth or its body) because of temperament.

A Show is also a public display so a dog which shows undue aggression, either to another dog or

the Judge, may be asked to leave the Ring and reported to the Canine Association (Dogs Victoria)


Before you can participate in any shows your dog must be on the Canine Association Register, in

your name, and you must be a financial member of the Canine Association. If you are not going to

handle your dog in the ring, you can have someone else handle your dog for you. they also have to

be a financial member of the Canine Association.

It does not matter if the family consider the dog as Little Bobby's, when you are entering a show it

is the registered owner of the dog that matters. If the dog is registered as being owned by Mrs I

Blanko, Mrs I Blanko must be an Canine Association member and enter the dog in the show.

Bobby Blanko, or Mr and Mrs Z Blanko are NOT correct! If you want to change ownership for one

reason or another, that is fine, but it must be done formally with the Canine Association before the

dog can be entered in shows in the new owner/s name/s.

If your dog was born and registered in VIC, it must be registered (in current ownership) with Dogs

Victoria and should be transferred to your name by the vendor. To make sure that is has been,

check the Registration Certificate of your dog - not the pedigree. If your name is on the front of the

Certificate, that's fine, if it is not, then the dog has not been transferred to you and you must

contact the Canine Association.

If your dog is not on the Canine Association. Register, or you are not a Member, this must be done

PRIOR to the close of entry for the show you wish to enter.

The dog being registered with the Canine Association. does not make you a Member, nor does

being a Member infer that your dog is registered - these are two different things.

Membership of the Canine Association. gives you the right to enter any approved Show or

Exhibition, but does not make you a Member of the Club conducting the fixture.

Club members usually pay lower entry fees than non-members, but you are free to pay the higher

fee if that is what you want.


A Schedule contains all the information you need to enter a Show:

* the name of the Club conducting the Show,

* where and when it is to be held,

* who the Judge is,

* who the Show Manager/Secretary is,

* the Classes and the Prizes offered,

* the cost of entry and when entries close, and any other details which are pertinent.

It is, in effect, a contract between the Club and the exhibitor.

Check each Schedule for these details, there are a number of Clubs and Classes may vary from

Show to Show and so do entry fees, etc.

Most schedules are printed in the Canine Association online magazine –

Ordinary Classes are defined on the reverse of entry forms and the Schedule tells you which of

these Classes are being held at the Show named thereon.

Class 1 Baby Puppy Dog for dogs 3 and under 6 months of age

Class 1A Baby Puppy Bitch for bitches 3 and under 6 months of age

Class 2 Minor Puppy Dog for dogs 6 and under 9 months of age

Class 2A Minor Puppy Bitch for bitches 6 and under 9 months of age

Class 3 Puppy Dog for dogs 6 and under 12 months of age

Class 3A Puppy Bitch for bitches 6 and under 12 months of age

Class 4 Junior Dog for dogs 9 and not exceeding 18 months of age

Class 4A Junior Bitch for bitches 9 and not exceeding 18 months of age

Class 5 Intermediate Dog for dogs over 18 months but not exceeding 36 months of age

Class 5A Intermediate Bitch for bitches over 18 months but not exceeding 36 months of age

Class 9 State/Territory Bred Dog for dogs 6 months or over whelped in the State or Territory in

which they are exhibited

Class 9A State/Territory Bred Bitch for bitches 6 months or over whelped in the State or Territory in

which they are exhibited

Class 10 Australian Bred Dog for dogs 6 months or over whelped in Australia

Class 10A Australian Bred Bitch for bitches 6 months or over whelped in Australia

Class 11 Open Dog for dogs 6 months or over and of a breed recognised by the


Class 11A Open Bitch for bitches 6 months or over and of a breed recognised by the


Class 15 Puppy Neuter for neuter dogs and bitches aged six and under twelve months

Class 16 Junior Neuter for neuter dogs and bitches aged nine and under eighteen


Class 17 Intermediate Neuter for neuter dogs and bitches aged eighteen and under thirty-six


Class 18 Open Neuter for neuter dogs and bitches aged six months or over

Bitch Classes are identified by adding "A" after the number. it is necessary then, if you enter a dog

in Class 1A that it be a female Baby Puppy and not a male.

If such a mistake is made and it isn't discovered before judging, your dog could be disqualified.

The exception is the Neuter classes, which were added from 1 January 2002, where dogs and

bitches are shown in the same class.


The age of your dog is calculated to midnight on the first day of the Exhibition. Don't make the

mistake of working out how old your dog is on the day you make out the entry, but how old he will

be on the day of the Show itself.

If it is your dog's birthday on the day of the show, he must be entered in the older class.


Special Classes are not defined on the entry form so they are defined on the Schedule. Examples

of Special Classes are: Veteran, Colour Head, etc.

All dogs entered in a Special Class must also be entered in an Ordinary Class at that Show with

the exception of Veteran Classes.


The entry must be made correctly, in clear print, in ink and signed by the (registered) owner and

sent with the correct fees to the address on the Schedule on or before the advertised date that

entries close. Late, incorrect or entries without fees may not be accepted.

Before posting, check again that all the required information is included and you have the right


It is your responsibility to make sure that your entry is correct in all respects. If you have entered

the dog in a wrong Class, the organisers will transfer the dog to the proper age Class or the Open



Entry fees differ from club to club, but for each Class you have your dog entered in, that entry fee

is payable.

Some Clubs charge different amounts if the same dog is entered in more than one class.

You may enter the dog in one Class, apart from special classes.


Catalogues are prepared by the Club running the show. The catalogue gives the details of each

dog and the Class in which it is entered. It is normal to order and pay for a catalogue when making

out an entry.

Catalogues are available at the Show, but not beforehand.


If for some reason, you wish to withdraw your entry, the reason should be given in writing to the

Show Manager. Once entered, a dog must be exhibited unless there is a valid reason why it

cannot - Transfer of Ownership is not considered "valid". Clubs are under no obligation to return

entry fees once the closing date for entries has passed. If for some reason there has to be a

change of Judge you have the right to withdraw before the commencement of judging, provided

you advise the Show Manager. Request for refund of entry fee should be made in writing.


From the close of entry to the day of the Show is three weeks normally, and this gives you ample

time to fall prey to nerves and to have second thoughts about the whole thing! Don't worry, you can

fill this time by practising what to do in the ring.

Dogs are not required to be Obedience trained for the Show Ring. Your dog should walk on a lead

without pulling, jerking or being plain silly. If you can train him to walk with you on a loose lead with

head held high, you are well on the way to great things.

Dogs are also required to be able to stand in an alert position showing off his best points - it is not

much good if he bends in the middle, sags his back or tries to climb into your lap! Smaller Breeds

are required to do their stand on a table. If you own a small Breed make sure he is used to


The Judge will check the dog's mouth for "bite" - he wants to see how the teeth are placed, not to

give the dog supper. If the dog is a male, the Judge will also check to see if he is "entire". This

means that the dog has both testes fully descended and in the scrotum. Make sure that your dog is

used to this procedure so that he won't be shocked when it happens!

There are Clubs that hold training classes weekly. The Canine Association. will be able to assist

you with contact numbers for these.

Alternatively, if you know someone with the same Breed, who also shows, ask them for some tips

on how to 'handle' the dog in the Ring.

Don't worry, you won't be any different at the beginning - like all Exhibitors, practice is the only



It is only common courtesy to produce a dog which has been washed and groomed, no Judge

could be expected to be impressed with having to handle a specimen straight out of the backyard,

even if he does not smell too badly! The type of grooming required will depend entirely on the

Breed of dog you own, but even short-haired dogs require some work.

While Shows are not meant to be 'beauty parades' all Breed Standards state how a dog should

look, and grooming is necessary for all Breeds - in some degree or other

At last, it is time to be off.

Be sure that you are wearing appropriate footwear (not high heels or things that go flip-flop): you

will also like to consider wearing a colour to complement your dog. You may not think it mattered,

but the way one dresses can improve the overall picture your dog makes.

Don't forget to take something along to sit on, as well as something for your dog (be it a grooming

table, cage or blanket): a water dish, a chain, and the dog's show collar and lead.

Don't forget the dog! (it has been known to happen).


While at a Show, your dog must be under control at all times. "Control" does not just mean that he

is on the end of a lead...hence the chain, if you leave a dog unattended, it must be securely



Some Shows have a check-in time, you must be there not later than the time specified on the

Schedule if there is a check-in time.


All dogs must be currently vaccinated against Parvo Virus, Distemper and Hepatitis before they are

allowed to be exhibited or at that exhibition.

If your dog has been exposed to the risk of or treated for any contagious or infectious disease

during the period dating from seven weeks prior to the exhibition the dog is not to be allowed to be

exhibited or at the exhibition

Or in the case of inoculation against distemper two weeks prior to the date of the exhibition. If you

are not sure contact the Show Manager listed on the Schedule.


You are on the grounds, you have walked the dog and now you have time to relax. Check the

catalogue to see that your dog has been entered correctly in whatever Class or Classes you have

entered him in. If there is something wrong, see the Show Manager immediately. It could be that

your dog was ineligible for the Class or that you just can't find it in your nervousness, or perhaps

the dog is not listed because of typist's error. Check at the beginning of the Show so that whatever

amendments need to be made can be made without any problem.


Although the details of your dog are contained in the catalogue, the Judge does not see this until

after the Show. For the time involved, you cease to be Mrs Blanko and become number 36, or

whatever. Stewards will not call your name, they will call for the dog by its catalogue number. If

your dog's number is called, report immediately to the Steward (that is the slightly harassed looking

person with the catalogue over there yelling). If you are called three (3) times without answering,

your dog will be called "Absent" and will be unable to take part thereafter.

Exhibit numbers should be worn on the left arm or the left shoulder and should be clearly displayed

at all times when in the Ring.

If you are showing more than one dog on the night, the only card that should be displayed when

you are in the Ring is the one for the dog you are currently handling.


From the catalogue you will see which Group of dogs is being judged first, etc. Find your Group,

then your Breed and your dog to see how much time you have until you and the dog are required.

Give yourself time to walk the dog (again), have a little practice before being required, but until

then relax and enjoy the Show.

When each Group is called all the Breeds in that Group gather in the Assembly Ring (so called for

obvious reasons). A preliminary sorting occurs where you find exhibitors positioning themselves in

the approximate order of requirement (dogs before bitches, breeds alphabetically); this is more

formally sorted when the Assembly Steward calls out the number of the dogs required for the next

Class. Listen carefully for your number and acknowledge.

Starting with the youngest age Class, Baby Puppy, judging progresses through to the Open Class

after which, all Class winners (except Baby Puppy) compete for the Best of Breed award

(mentioned earlier).

You should not leave the Assembly Ring because although your dog may not have won a BOB or

R/U BOB, it may still be eligible for an In Group Class award.

Once the Group judging has been completed, the exhibitors are told they can leave the Ring and

the next Group of Breeds is called up. And the whole thing is repeated. But you can now relax.

When all Groups have been judged, the call will go out for General Specials and all the Best in

Group and In Group Class winners will gather in the Assembly Ring again.

The Group winners will parade in the Ring for the Judge to select their Best in Show; this will be

replaced by his Runner Up dog, and then Runner Up in Show will be selected. Again, the Best in

Show will win all the Classes in which it was entered and the Runner Up will win any Class in

which it was not beaten by the Best in Show. After that, starting with Baby Puppy winners, the

remaining classes will be judged for In Show winners.


The presentation of prizes takes place and so ends the show. Everyone is tired, some elated,

others cast down momentarily while still others are philosophical. But in the end, we mostly come

back again for the next Judge's opinion.


There are some points about which you should be aware.

A dog which did not win a BOB on the night, cannot win Best in Group or Show - it can win an In Group or In Show Class.

Dogs parading in the Ring do so either in a triangle, a straight up and back or in a circle and this is at the Judge's command. Usually the first is followed by the second at the Judge's command when a dog is being judged on its own. When Group competition is being held, all dogs usually go in a circle unless the Judge wishes to see dogs move individually again.

For the triangle, the Judge wants to see your dog moved away from him, in profile, and coming towards him for a comprehensive look at movement.

For the straight up and back, the Judge wants you to walk in a straight line away from him, turn smartly (around the dog) and to come straight back towards him, stopping about 3 feet (1 metre) away.

An Exhibitor only speaks to the Judge to answer a question from him.

You may wonder why the same dog does not win all the time. Breed Standards must be interpreted by the person reading them and this does allow variations. What is the ideal type to me, may not be to you.

That human element we spoke of, that is what makes a Show so interesting - the variety one finds in the dogs, the people and the decisions. Go on then, enter your dog and forget the first night nerves.

And the very best of luck to you!

And when you are no longer a Novice you may consider joining a committee or learning to

be a Steward so you too can be one of those harassed-looking people with a catalogue

and clipboard.



The ROM Award is recognition of the merit of a select group of dogs who can win, at the highest level of competition, under breed specialist judges. The objective of the ROM is to recognise those animals who, given the opportunity, are most likely to contribute in our

endeavour to breed better Bull Terriers.

The best dog/bitch receives a maximum of three (3) points.

d. ROM points may only be awarded by a Bull Terrier Specialist Judge as defined in

Part 4 below.

e. In the event of a Bull Terrier Club engaging a Judge other than a Bull Terrier

specialist, as defined in Part 4, no ROM points will be allocated to the Show.

f. Open Shows, Field Days, Ribbon Parades and such matches will not be deemed a show unless a formal Show Schedule and approval is officially registered and Sanctioned through the State Governing Body. This is, however, dependent on State/Territory controlling body rules.

g. The ROM award is an in-house award that is not recognised by the ANKC.

Therefore the letters ROM must not be included on entry forms or in catalogues. Clubs may wish to acknowledge the award by placing an asterisk against an animals name or placing a list of ROM awarded animals on a separate page in the catalogue.

h. The letters ROM may be used in newsletters behind an animals’ name.


a. Clubs requiring ROM status for more than one Open Show per year must apply to

the Secretary NBTC(A) in writing before advertising the show as a ROM Show.

b. Shows where the judge and show meets the criteria will automatically be

considered eligible for awarding ROM points.

c. Bull Terrier Clubs and Judges (All Breeds Shows only) must apply to the Secretary

NBTC(A) for the ROM award cards for each show. Also to be included are the:

1. Name of the judge (resume to be included in accordance with Part 4 if necessary).

2. Date of the Show

3. Name of the club organising the show.

d. On receipt of the letter in 3 c. the Secretary will forward the relevant number of

ROM award cards. These will be numbered consecutively and the name of the Club, date

of the show and the judges' name will be recorded against the card number. If for any

reason the numbered cards are not used they are to be returned to the Secretary.

e. Clubs and Judges (All Breeds Shows only) are to supply a marked catalogue to the

Secretary NBTC(A) within 7 days of the event.


a. Those judges able to award ROM points are as follows:

1. Judges listed on the ROM list (Part 4g.),

2. A specialist listed by The Bull Terrier Club (UK), The Bull Terrier Club of

America, or any other National Bull Terrier Club overseas in high standing,


3. Any judge from overseas who has previously awarded ROM points and meets the criteria in Part 4 f.

b.points in must send a resume of the judge to the Secretary NBTC(A) to qualify for ROM

status for that Show. Overseas judges prior to being awarded ROM status in must be

licensed to judge Championship Shows or have at least judged a Bull Terrier Open or Bull

Terrier Specialty Show also must have a minimum of 15 years involvement in the breed.

c. At any show eligible for the ROM, the judge will have the discretion to withhold

ROM points if in his/her view the Bull Terriers are not of a sufficiently high standard for

the award. If ROM points are withheld, the judge must advise the exhibitor. See also 3

d and e.

d. Show Secretaries should post a copy of the ROM Rules to Judges appointed from


e. Judges listed in 4g.below who are contracted for an all breeds show are to follow

the guidelines laid down in 3c, d and e.

f. Criteria for Specialist Judges on the ROM list are as follows:

1. ANKC approved judges who are current breeders with a

demonstrable involvement in the breed over a period of not less than ten years.

2. ANKC approved judges who, although not current breeders, have bred or

owned Bull Terriers for not less than ten years and retain close association with the breed

and have demonstrated an abiding interest and close recent involvement with the breed.

g. Australian ROM Approved Judges:

Mr Paul Berman(NSW) Mr. Robert Bolch (Vic)Mrs. Margaret Burgoine(Tas)Mr. Mike Cave

(Qld) Mr. Stephen Craven (NSW)MissDiane Cuthbert (SA)Mr.W.F.Fitzgerald MBE

(NSW)Mr.Les Greenall (Vic) Mr. Jeff Holmes (Vic)Mr. Stan Honnery (WA)

Mr. John Jamieson (NSW)Mr. Tony Johnson(WA) Ms. Kerry King (SA) Mrs. Linda Martin

(NSW) Mr Eric McKenna (Vic )Mrs Patricia Puffett (NSW) Mr. Albert Reading (SA)Mrs.

Margaret Reynolds (Qld)Mr. Frank Sluga (Vic) Mrs Gayle Stephenson (Qld) Mr L

Stephenson (Qld )Mrs. Moira Stewart (Qld) Mr. Brian Sylvaney (NSW)Mr. Jamie

Watkiss(WA) Mrs Pat Whincop (Qld) Mr. Wayne Wiltshire (Tas)


a. After gaining the points as detailed in Part 2 above, the owner is to apply to the

Secretary NBTC(A) in writing and include:

1. Photocopies of the Challenge Certificates, and /or

2. ROM Award cards,

3. A suitable photograph, and

4. A three generation pedigree (copy of registration certificate)

b. The award status ROM shall not be recognised until the ROM Certificate has

been received by the owner.

c. There shall be only one original ROM Certificate for the owner and one for the

breeder, copies of the certificate may be purchased by the new owner. The fee is $25-00

per certificate.





Contact Details

The Secretary
P O Box 1635, Melton West 3337, VIC, Australia
Email : [email protected]